– Broadcasters must enter into interconnection agreements, to ensure that all content is available on all platforms: broadcasters are mandated by TRAI to enter into interconnection agreements with PSDs for the transport of their television channels, and they are distributed through aggregators that then provide content to the distribution platform operator (DPO), such as ipTV or a DTH player, and to the last kilometre operator (MSO/HITS, which then distribute content to the local cable operator). – Aggregators are able to put pressure on DSB and sell the channels on advantageous terms: many broadcasters, especially the larger ones, appoint aggregators for distribution. The aggregators publish the NIS, negotiate bouquet/channel prices with the DSBs and enter into interconnection agreements with them and leave no way for DSPs to subscribe to these packages, and it is claimed that they must then put pressure on consumers to recover the costs. As a result, the public ends up paying for unwanted channels, which limits consumer choice. – Only a television broadcaster can publish reference interconnection offers (Rios) and enter into interconnection agreements with operators of distribution platforms such as cable operators, MSO and DTH. – The issuer may use an agent who acts on behalf of the issuer, but must ensure that the representative does not modify the bouquets of flowers proposed in the issuer`s RIO. – If an agent acts as an authorized representative of several broadcasters, the broadcasters ensure that the agent does not group his channels with other broadcasters. Only broadcasters belonging to the same group can group their channels together. The TRAI gave broadcasters six months to amend their interconnection agreements and submit them to the TRAI. Broadcasters objected because they violated Article 19, paragraph 1, point g), the Constitution and TRAI`s jurisdiction in this area. They also argued that the Competition Commission of India (ICC) was the sole jurisdiction in this area. In a regulation published yesterday, the Indian regulator attempted to stop the cartelisation of india`s major broadcasters through distributors in which the channels themselves are involved.