As custodian, the Secretary-General is responsible for the adoption of the instruments and the control of the number of contracting parties and their respective emissions to determine the entry into force. Environmental campaign groups, as well as some companies, investors and scientists, said the Marrakesh meeting should maintain the spirit of international support for the fight against climate change. For the purposes of determining entry into force, Article 21 of the Paris Agreement provides for the UNFCCC secretariat to publish a list of the most up-to-date emissions data provided by the contracting parties. For many parties, the percentage of programming in this table does not reflect their current programming. This is because developing countries have recently been required to report their national emissions on a regular basis. This will change under the Paris Agreement, as all countries are required to submit a regular national emissions inventory report. No one expected the Paris agreement to enter into force so soon. Until the penultimate draft of the Paris text, there was no option for the agreement to enter into force before 2020. The CLIMA COP22 conference, to be held in Marrakech from 7 to 18 November 2016, is also the scene of the first meeting of the members of the umbrella organisation of the Paris Agreement, the CMA.

The meeting is scheduled for November 15. Given that less than half of the signatories have ratified the agreement to date, it is very likely that the CMA1 (the first meeting of the CMA) will be suspended. “At the recent pre-COP meetings, it was decided that this year`s CMA meeting would be interrupted to allow time for the other signatories to ratify the agreement and be part of the decision-making process,” said Ravishankar Prasad, a joint secretary at the Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change. Under the agreement, all governments that have ratified the agreement, which includes the United States, China, India and the EU, are now required to keep global warming above pre-industrial levels. This is what scientists see as the limit of security, beyond which climate change can probably become catastrophic and irreversible.